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薰衣草精油芳香疗法推拿治疗膝骨关节炎生活自理功能障碍

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凝息 发表于 2018-11-16 09:24:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil and the prevention of disability in ADL in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized controlled clinical trial
薰衣草精油芳香疗法推拿治疗膝骨关节炎ADL功能障碍:随机对照临床研究
Ahmad Nasiri a, Mohammad Azim Mahmodi b, *
a Health Qualitative Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
b MSc of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

摘要
Background: Knee osteoarthritis is considered as one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders which leads to joint degeneration and consequently disability in activities of daily living. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of aromatherapy massage with lavender essence on activities of daily living of patients with knee osteoarthritis.
背景:膝骨关节炎被认为是最常见的肌肉骨骼疾病之一,它会导致关节退化,从而导致日常生活活动能力的残疾。本研究旨在评价薰衣草香薰按摩对膝骨关节炎患者日常生活能力的影响。
Methods: This is a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial. A total of 90 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee referring to the outpatient rheumatology clinics affiliated to Birjand University of Medical Sciences were selected via convenience sampling method. The participants were randomly assigned into three groups: intervention group (aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil), placebo group (massage with almond oil) and control group (without massage). The activities of daily living of patients was evaluated according to the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) at baseline, immediately after the intervention, 1 week, and 4 weeks after the intervention. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 16.
方法:这是一项单盲随机临床试验。本文采用方便抽样的方法,对90例膝关节骨关节炎患者进行了临床研究。参与个案被随机分为三组:介入组(薰衣草精油配合芳香按摩),安慰组(甜杏仁油配合按摩),对照组(无按摩)。根据西安大略省和麦克马斯特大学骨关节炎基线指数(WOMAC)、干预后即刻、干预后1周和干预后4周评估患者的日常生活能力。数据用SPSS统计软件16版进行分析。
Results: The activities of daily living of patients were significantly improved immediately and 1 week after the intervention in the intervention group compared with their initial status (p < .001) and that of the control group (p < .001 and p 1&#8260;4 .03 respectively). However, 4 weeks after the intervention, there was no significant difference between the groups according to the Western Ontario and McMaster Univer- sities Osteoarthritis index (p 1&#8260;4 .95).
结果:干预组患者的日常生活能力在干预后即刻和1周均有明显改善 (p < .001),与干预前及对照组比较差异有显着性 (分别为p < .001 和 p 1&#8260;4 .03)。然而,干预后4周,根据西安大略大学和麦克马斯特大学骨关节炎指数,两组之间没有显着性差异(p 1&#8260;4 .95)。
Conclusion: Aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil may reduce the incidence of activities of daily living disability in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. However, further studies are required to confirm findings of this study.
总结:薰衣草精油香薰按摩可降低膝关节骨关节炎患者日常生活能力障碍的发生率。然而,还需要进一步的研究来证实这项研究的结果。
文献来源:Ahmad Nasiri, Mohammad Azim Mahmodi. Aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil and the prevention of disability in ADL in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 30(2018):116-121.





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